Energy Bar Modality Benefits

Benefits of Treatment Modalities

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Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy (PEMF)

  1. Aldinucci, C. et al. (2003). The effect of exposure to high flux density static and pulsed magnetic fields on lymphocyte function. Bioelectromagnetics, 24(6), 373-379.
  2. C.A. Bassett, et al. (1982). Treatment of Therapeutically Resistant Non-unions with Bone
    Grafts and Pulsing Electromagnetic Fields. Journal of Bone Joint Surg, 64(8), 1214-1220.
  3. George, M. S. et al. (1995). Daily repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) improves mood in depression. NeuroReport, 6(14), 1853-1856.
  4. Jacobson, JI. (1994). Pineal-hypothalamic Tract Mediation of Picotesla Magnetic Fields in the Treatment of Neurological Disorders. Panminerva Med, 36.4, 201-05.
  5. Smith, Wong-Gibbons, and Maultsby (2004). Microcirculatory Effects of Pulsed
    Electromagnetic Fields. The Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 80-84.

Exercise with Oxygen Therapy (EWOT)

  1. Von Ardenne, M. Oxygen Multistep Therapy. Thieme Medical Publishers Incorporated, 1990. Print.
  2. Astorino, Todd, and Robert Robergs (2003). Effect of Hyperoxia on Maximal Oxygen Uptake,
    Blood Acid-base Balance, and Limitations to Exercise Tolerance. Journal of
    Exercise Physiology
  3. Von Ardenne, Manfred (1986). Use of Hyperthermia in a Rapid O2 Multistep Process with
    Significant Shortening of the Rehabilitation Period and Persistent Increase in the O2
    Status. Z Gesamte Inn Med, 41.1. 1-6.
  4. Von Ardenne, Manfred, and Dresden-Weisser Hirsch (1989). Increasing Mental Performance
    by Multistep Oxygen Therapy. Computer-assisted Measurements of Information
    Processing Capacity, Intelligence, Short-term Memory and Further Parameters of
    Cerebral Performance. Z Alternsforsch, 44.1. 37-48.

Power Plate

  1. Bogaerts, A. C. (2009). Effects of whole body vibration training on cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength in older individuals (a 1-year randomized controlled trial). Age and Ageing, 38(4), 448-454.
  2. Frank, Horst, and Birgit Moos (2004). Whole Body Vibration Helps Reduce Cellulite. Power
    Plate. SANADERM Professional Clinic for Skin Disease and Allergology.
  3. Vissers, D., A. Verrijken, I. Mertens, C. VanGils, A. Van De Sompel, S. Truijen, and L.
    Van Gaal (2010). Power Plate® Training Can Reduce Abdominal Fat in Overweight and
    Obese Adults. Obesity Facts. The European Journal of Obesity. 3.2.

Massage Therapy

  1. Karagozoglu, S., & Kahve, E. (2013). Effects of back massage on chemotherapy-related fatigue and anxiety: Supportive care and therapeutic touch in cancer nursing. Applied Nursing Research, 26(4), 210-217.
  2. Harris, M., & Richards, K. C. (2010). The physiological and psychological effects of slow-stroke back massage and hand massage on relaxation in older people. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 19(7-8), 917-926.
  3. Crane, J. D. (2012). Massage Therapy Attenuates Inflammatory Signaling After Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage. Science Translational Medicine, 4(119).
  4. Corbin, L. (2005). Safety and efficacy of massage therapy for patients with cancer. Cancer Control, 12(30): 158-64.
  5. Hillier, S. L., Louw, Q., Morris, L., Uwimana, J., & Statham, S. (2008). Massage therapy for people with HIV/AIDS. Protocols Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
  6. Kalichman, L. (2010). Massage therapy for fibromyalgia symptoms. Rheumatol Int Rheumatology International, 30(9), 1151-1157.
  7. Li, Y., Wang, F., Feng, C., Yang, X., & Sun, Y. (2014). Massage Therapy for Fibromyalgia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. PLoS ONE, 9(2).
  8. Quinn, C., Chandler, C., & Moraska, A. (2002). Massage Therapy and Frequency of Chronic Tension Headaches. Am J Public Health American Journal of Public Health, 92(10), 1657-1661.
  9. Lawler, S. P., & Cameron, L. D. (2006). A randomized, controlled trial of massage therapy as a treatment for migraine. Annals of Behavioral Medicine Ann. Behav. Med., 32(1), 50-59.
  10. Franklin, N. C., Ali, M. M., Robinson, A. T., Norkeviciute, E., & Phillips, S. A. (2014). Massage Therapy Restores Peripheral Vascular Function After Exertion. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(6), 1127-1134.
  11. Supa’At, I., Zakaria, Z., Maskon, O., Aminuddin, A., & Nordin, N. A. (2013). Effects of Swedish Massage Therapy on Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, and Inflammatory Markers in Hypertensive Women. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013, 1-8.
  12. Nelson, N. L. (2015). Massage therapy: Understanding the mechanisms of action on blood pressure. A scoping review. Journal of the American Society of Hypertension.

Hyper-thermic Ozone and Carbonic Acid Transdermal Therapy (HOCATT)

  1. Ricardo J. S. Costa, M. J. C., Jonathan P. Moore & Neil P. Walsh. Heat acclimation responses of an ultra-endurance running group preparing for hot desert-based competition. European Journal of Sport Science, 1-11 (2011).The sample sizes in both studies referenced here and in #2 have small sample sizes but they are two independent studies that compliment each other. This study also reinforces the endurance enhancements in #3
  2. Scoon, G. S., Hopkins, W. G., Mayhew, S. & Cotter, J. D. Effect of post-exercise sauna bathing on the endurance performance of competitive male runners. Journal of science and medicine in sport / Sports Medicine Australia 10, 259-262, doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2006.06.009 (2007).  This study shows the effect of preconditioning the body to heat stress by using a sauna for at least 30 min directly after a training session. While the study sample is small, other studies referenced in #1 and #3 reinforce and compliment this.
  3. Michael N. Sawka, C. B. W., Kent B. Pandolf. Thermoregulatory Responses to Acute Exercise-Heat Stress and Heat Acclimation. Handbook of Physiology, Environmental Physiology (2011). This is a good review article that covers many of the mechanisms that underly the endurance enhancements as a consequence of heat acclimation.
  4. Garrett, A. T., Creasy, R., Rehrer, N. J., Patterson, M. J. & Cotter, J. D. Effectiveness of short-term heat acclimation for highly trained athletes. European journal of applied physiology 112, 1827-1837, doi:10.1007/s00421-011-2153-3 (2012).
  5. Selsby, J. T. et al. Intermittent hyperthermia enhances skeletal muscle regrowth and attenuates oxidative damage following reloading. J Appl Physiol (1985) 102, 1702-1707, doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00722.2006 (2007). This is an important paper because it shows that intermittent hyperthermia can enhance the regrowth of skeletal muscle in rats after disuse via induction of heat shock proteins. Having a quantitative way to non-invasively measure muscle mass in humans is difficult. That said, even though the experiment was done in rats (N=40), this is a good study because it shows the mechanism responsible for the muscle regrowth.
  6. Yamada, P. M., Amorim, F. T., Moseley, P., Robergs, R. & Schneider, S. M. Effect of heat acclimation on heat shock protein 72 and interleukin-10 in humans. J Appl Physiol (1985) 103, 1196-1204, doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00242.2007 (2007). This study includes a relatively small human sample size (N=12); however, it is very important because it demonstrates that heat acclimation causes a higher induction of heat shock proteins upon later exercise.
  7. Singh, R., Kølvraa, S., Bross, P., Christensen, K., Bathum, L., Gregersen, N., … Rattan, S. I. S. (2010). Anti-Inflammatory Heat Shock Protein 70 Genes are Positively Associated with Human Survival. Current Pharmaceutical Design, 16(7), 796–801.
  8. Aziz A. Khazaeli, Marc Tatar, Scott D. Pletcher, and James W. Curtsinger. Heat-Induced Longevity Extension in Drosophila. I. Heat Treatment, Mortality, and Thermotolerance J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1997 52A: B48-B52.
  9. Lithgow, G. J., White, T. M., Melov, S., & Johnson, T. E. (1995). Thermotolerance and extended life-span conferred by single-gene mutations and induced by thermal stress. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 92(16), 7540–7544.
  10. Laukkanen T, Khan H, Zaccardi F, Laukkanen JA. Association Between Sauna Bathing and Fatal Cardiovascular and All-Cause Mortality Events. JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(4):542-548. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.8187.
  11. Genuis, Stephen, Detlef Birkholz, Ilia Rodushkin, and Sanjay Beesoon. “Blood, Urine,
    and Sweat (BUS) Study: Monitoring and Elimination of Bioaccumulated Toxic
    Elements.” Environmental Contamination Toxicology 61.2 (n.d.): 344-57. Web.
  12. Sears, M. E., Kerr, K. J., & Bray, R. I. (2012). Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, and Mercury in Sweat: A Systematic Review. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2012, 1-10.
  13. Genuis, S. J., Beesoon, S., Lobo, R. A., & Birkholz, D. (2012). Human Elimination of Phthalate Compounds: Blood, Urine, and Sweat (BUS) Study. The Scientific World Journal, 2012, 1-10.
  14. Genuis, S. J., Beesoon, S., Birkholz, D., & Lobo, R. A. (2012). Human Excretion of Bisphenol A: Blood, Urine, and Sweat (BUS) Study. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2012, 1-10.
  15. Genuis, S. J., Beesoon, S., & Birkholz, D. (2013). Biomonitoring and Elimination of Perfluorinated Compounds and Polychlorinated Biphenyls through Perspiration: Blood, Urine, and Sweat Study. ISRN Toxicology, 2013, 1-7. 
  16. Fabry, Monnet, Schmidt, Lusson, Carpentier, Baguet, and Dubray. “Clinical and Microcirculatory Effects of Transcutaneous CO2 Therapy in Intermittent
    Claudication. Randomized Double-blind Clinical Trial with a Parallel Design.” Vasa
    38.3 (2009): 213-24. Hogrefe. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.
  17. Hartmann, B., U. Pohl, D. Wohltmann, J. Holtz, and E. Bassenge. “The Effect of Carbon
    Dioxide Baths on Blood Pressure of Borderline Hypertensive Patients.” Journal of
    Natural Science, Biology and Medicine
    (1989): 526-31. PubMed. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.
  18. Savin, Bailliart, Bonnin, Bedu, Cheynel, Coudert, and Martineaud. “Vasomotor Effects of
    Transcutaneous CO2 in Stage II Peripheral Occlusive Arterial Disease.” Angiology
    46 (1995): 785-91. PubMed. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.
  19. Lee, Georgia. “Carbon Dioxide Therapy in the Treatment of Cellulite: An Audit of Clinical
    Practice.” Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 34.2 (2010): 239-43. Web.
  20. Mawsouf, Mohamed N., Silvia Menendez, Olga S. Leon, Gregorio M. Sanchez, and
    Frank Hernandez. “Ozone Therapy: Clinical and Basic Evidence of Its Therapeutic
    Potential.” Archives of Medical Research 39.1 (2008): 17-26. PubMed. Web. 13 Oct.
  21. Elvis, A. M., and J. S. Ekta. Ozone Therapy: A Clinical Review. Journal of Natural
    Science, Biology, and Medicine
    2.1 (2011): 66–70. PMC. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.
  22. Martínez-Sánchez, et al. G. (2005). Therapeutic efficacy of ozone in patients with diabetic foot. European Journal of Pharmacology, 523(1-3), 151-161. This study shows that type 2 diabetic patients who also have diabetic feet (e.g., diabetic neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease, etc.) show marked improvement (i.e., improved healing of lesions, resulting in fewer amputations)  over a control group when treated topically with ozone.
  23. Valacchi, G., Fortino, V., & Bocci, V. (2005). The dual action of ozone on the skin. British Journal of Dermatology, 153(6), 1096-1100. An overview article addressing the deleterious effects of ozone on the skin when exposed for long durations versus the beneficial effects experienced when exposed for brief durations. Further, the authors address the health benefits of ozone therapy when applied topically in a quasi-total body, temperature-controlled cabin.


  1. Huck, C. & Jaquish, J. (2005). Functional bone performance measurements and adaptations
    using novel self-applied bone- loading exercise apparatus. Osteoporosis
    . 26(1),s391-s392,NS12.
  2. Hunte, B., J. Jaquish, and C. Huck (2015). Axial Bone Osteogenic Loading-Type Resistance
    Therapy Showing BMD and Functional Bone Performance Musculoskeletal
    Adaptation Over 24 Weeks with Postmenopausal Female Subjects. Journal of
    Osteoporosis & Physical Activity
    3.2 (n.d.): 146.
  3. Jaquish, J (2013). Multiple-of-bodyweight axial bone loading using novel exercise intervention
    with and without bisphosphonate use for osteogenic adaptation. Osteoporosis
    . 198; 24(4), s594-s595.
  4. Taaffe, D. R., Robinson, T. L., Snow, C. M., & Marcus, R. (1997). High‐Impact Exercise
    Promotes Bone Gain in Well‐Trained Female Athletes. Journal of Bone and Mineral
    , 12(2), 255-260.

Whole Foods Plant-based Diet (WFPD)

  1. Campbell, T. Colin, and Thomas M. Campbell. The China Study: The Most Comprehensive Study of Nutrition Ever Conducted and the Startling Implications for
    Diet, Weight Loss and Long-term Health.
    Dallas, TX: BenBella, 2005. Print.
  2. Greger, Michael. How Not to Die. New York, NY: Flatiron Book, 2015. Print.
  3. Castle, Shushana, and Amy-Lee Goodman. Rethink Food: 100 Doctors Can’t Be
    N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
  4. Hu, F. (2006). Plant-Based Diets and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease. Phytochemicals Nutrient-Gene Interactions, 127-136.
  5. Craig, WJ, AR Mangels, and American Dietetic Association (2009). Position of the American Dietetic Association: vegetarian diets. National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  6. Orlich, M. J. et al. (2013). Vegetarian Dietary Patterns and Mortality in Adventist Health Study 2. JAMA Internal Medicine JAMA Intern Med, 173(13), 1230.
  7. Rizzo, N. S., Sabate, J., Jaceldo-Siegl, K., & Fraser, G. E. (2011). Vegetarian Dietary Patterns Are Associated With a Lower Risk of Metabolic Syndrome: The Adventist Health Study 2. Diabetes Care, 34(5), 1225-1227.
  8. Clarys, P. (2014). Comparison of Nutritional Quality of the Vegan, Vegetarian, Semi-Vegetarian, Pesco-Vegetarian and Omnivorous Diet. Nutrients, 6(3), 1318-1332.
  9. Tuso, P., Ismail, M., Ha, B., Bartolotto, C. (2013). Nutritional Update for Physicians: Plant-Based Diets. Permj The Permanente Journal, 17(2), 61-66.
  10. Scarborough, P. et al. (2014). Dietary greenhouse gas emissions of meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans in the UK. Climatic Change, 125(2), 179-192.
  11. Bailey, R., Froggatt, A., Wellesley, L. (2014). Livestock – Climate Change’s Forgotten Sector: Global Public Opinion on Meat and Dairy Consumption. Chatham House.

Emotions and Health

  1. Kiessl, GR, and RG Laessle (2015). Stress Inhibits PYY Secretion in Obese and Normal Weight Women. Eating and Weight Disorders.
  2. Smits, J. A. et al. (2015). The Efficacy of Vigorous-Intensity Exercise as an Aid to Smoking Cessation in Adults With High Anxiety Sensitivity. Psychosomatic Medicine, 1.
  3. Stewart-Brown, S. (1998). Emotional wellbeing and its relation to health. Bmj, 317(7173), 1608-1609.
  4. Wollseiffen, P., Ghadiri, A., Scholz, A., Strüder, H. K., Herpers, R., Peters, T., & Schneider, S. (2015). Short Bouts of Intensive Exercise During the Workday Have a Positive Effect on Neuro-cognitive Performance. Stress Health Stress and Health.