Science

The Science Behind The Energy Bar

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Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy (PEMF)

  1. Aldinucci, C. et al. (2003). The effect of exposure to high flux density static and pulsed magnetic fields on lymphocyte function. Bioelectromagnetics, 24(6), 373-379.
  2. C.A. Bassett, et al. (1982). Treatment of Therapeutically Resistant Non-unions with Bone
    Grafts and Pulsing Electromagnetic Fields. Journal of Bone Joint Surg, 64(8), 1214-1220.
  3. George, M. S. et al. (1995). Daily repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) improves mood in depression.NeuroReport, 6(14), 1853-1856.
  4. Jacobson, JI. (1994). Pineal-hypothalamic Tract Mediation of Picotesla Magnetic Fields in the Treatment of Neurological Disorders. Panminerva Med, 36.4, 201-05.
  5. Smith, Wong-Gibbons, and Maultsby (2004). Microcirculatory Effects of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields. The Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 80-84.

Active Oxygen Therapy (AOT)

  1. Von Ardenne, M. Oxygen Multistep Therapy. Thieme Medical Publishers Incorporated, 1990. Print.
  2. Astorino, Todd, and Robert Robergs (2003). Effect of Hyperoxia on Maximal Oxygen Uptake, Blood Acid-base Balance, and Limitations to Exercise Tolerance. Journal of Exercise Physiology 6.2.
  3. Von Ardenne, Manfred (1986). Use of Hyperthermia in a Rapid O2 Multistep Process with
    Significant Shortening of the Rehabilitation Period and Persistent Increase in the O2
    Status. Z Gesamte Inn Med, 41.1. 1-6.
  4. Von Ardenne, Manfred, and Dresden-Weisser Hirsch (1989). Increasing Mental Performance by Multistep Oxygen Therapy. Computer-assisted Measurements of Information Processing Capacity, Intelligence, Short-term Memory and Further Parameters of Cerebral Performance. Z Alternsforsch, 44.1. 37-48.
  5. Hatfield, S. M., et al. (2015). Immunological mechanisms of the antitumor effects of supplemental oxygenation.Science Translational Medicine, 7(277). doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.aaa1260

Power Plate

  1. Bogaerts, A. C. (2009). Effects of whole body vibration training on cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength in older individuals (a 1-year randomized controlled trial). Age and Ageing, 38(4), 448-454.
  2. Frank, Horst, and Birgit Moos (2004). Whole Body Vibration Helps Reduce Cellulite. Power Plate. SANADERM Professional Clinic for Skin Disease and Allergology.
  3. Vissers, D., A. Verrijken, I. Mertens, C. VanGils, A. Van De Sompel, S. Truijen, and L. Van Gaal (2010). Power Plate® Training Can Reduce Abdominal Fat in Overweight and Obese Adults. Obesity Facts. The European Journal of Obesity. 3.2.

Massage Therapy

  1. Karagozoglu, S., & Kahve, E. (2013). Effects of back massage on chemotherapy-related fatigue and anxiety: Supportive care and therapeutic touch in cancer nursing. Applied Nursing Research, 26(4), 210-217.
  2. Harris, M., & Richards, K. C. (2010). The physiological and psychological effects of slow-stroke back massage and hand massage on relaxation in older people. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 19(7-8), 917-926.
  3. Crane, J. D. (2012). Massage Therapy Attenuates Inflammatory Signaling After Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage. Science Translational Medicine, 4(119).
  4. Corbin, L. (2005). Safety and efficacy of massage therapy for patients with cancer. Cancer Control, 12(30): 158-64.
  5. Hillier, S. L., Louw, Q., Morris, L., Uwimana, J., & Statham, S. (2008). Massage therapy for people with HIV/AIDS. Protocols Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
  6. Kalichman, L. (2010). Massage therapy for fibromyalgia symptoms. Rheumatol Int Rheumatology International, 30(9), 1151-1157.
  7. Li, Y., Wang, F., Feng, C., Yang, X., & Sun, Y. (2014). Massage Therapy for Fibromyalgia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. PLoS ONE, 9(2).
  8. Quinn, C., Chandler, C., & Moraska, A. (2002). Massage Therapy and Frequency of Chronic Tension Headaches. Am J Public Health American Journal of Public Health, 92(10), 1657-1661.
  9. Lawler, S. P., & Cameron, L. D. (2006). A randomized, controlled trial of massage therapy as a treatment for migraine.Annals of Behavioral Medicine Ann. Behav. Med., 32(1), 50-59.
  10. Franklin, N. C., Ali, M. M., Robinson, A. T., Norkeviciute, E., & Phillips, S. A. (2014). Massage Therapy Restores Peripheral Vascular Function After Exertion. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(6), 1127-1134.
  11. Supa’At, I., Zakaria, Z., Maskon, O., Aminuddin, A., & Nordin, N. A. (2013). Effects of Swedish Massage Therapy on Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, and Inflammatory Markers in Hypertensive Women. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013, 1-8.
  12. Nelson, N. L. (2015). Massage therapy: Understanding the mechanisms of action on blood pressure. A scoping review.Journal of the American Society of Hypertension.

Hyper-thermic Ozone and Carbonic Acid Transdermal Therapy (HOCATT)

  1. Ricardo J. S. Costa, M. J. C., Jonathan P. Moore & Neil P. Walsh. Heat acclimation responses of an ultra-endurance running group preparing for hot desert-based competition. European Journal of Sport Science, 1-11 (2011).The sample sizes in both studies referenced here and in #2 have small sample sizes but they are two independent studies that compliment each other. This study also reinforces the endurance enhancements in #3
  2. Scoon, G. S., Hopkins, W. G., Mayhew, S. & Cotter, J. D. Effect of post-exercise sauna bathing on the endurance performance of competitive male runners. Journal of science and medicine in sport / Sports Medicine Australia 10, 259-262, doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2006.06.009 (2007). This study shows the effect of preconditioning the body to heat stress by using a sauna for at least 30 min directly after a training session. While the study sample is small, other studies referenced in #1 and #3 reinforce and compliment this.
  3. Michael N. Sawka, C. B. W., Kent B. Pandolf. Thermoregulatory Responses to Acute Exercise-Heat Stress and Heat Acclimation. Handbook of Physiology, Environmental Physiology (2011). This is a good review article that covers many of the mechanisms that underly the endurance enhancements as a consequence of heat acclimation.
  4. Garrett, A. T., Creasy, R., Rehrer, N. J., Patterson, M. J. & Cotter, J. D. Effectiveness of short-term heat acclimation for highly trained athletes. European journal of applied physiology 112, 1827-1837, doi:10.1007/s00421-011-2153-3 (2012).
  5. Selsby, J. T. et al. Intermittent hyperthermia enhances skeletal muscle regrowth and attenuates oxidative damage following reloading. J Appl Physiol (1985) 102, 1702-1707, doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00722.2006 (2007). This is an important paper because it shows that intermittent hyperthermia can enhance the regrowth of skeletal muscle in rats after disuse via induction of heat shock proteins. Having a quantitative way to non-invasively measure muscle mass in humans is difficult. That said, even though the experiment was done in rats (N=40), this is a good study because it shows the mechanism responsible for the muscle regrowth.
  6. Yamada, P. M., Amorim, F. T., Moseley, P., Robergs, R. & Schneider, S. M. Effect of heat acclimation on heat shock protein 72 and interleukin-10 in humans. J Appl Physiol (1985) 103, 1196-1204, doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00242.2007 (2007). This study includes a relatively small human sample size (N=12); however, it is very important because it demonstrates that heat acclimation causes a higher induction of heat shock proteins upon later exercise.
  7. Singh, R., Kølvraa, S., Bross, P., Christensen, K., Bathum, L., Gregersen, N., … Rattan, S. I. S. (2010). Anti-Inflammatory Heat Shock Protein 70 Genes are Positively Associated with Human Survival. Current Pharmaceutical Design, 16(7), 796–801.
  8. Aziz A. Khazaeli, Marc Tatar, Scott D. Pletcher, and James W. Curtsinger. Heat-Induced Longevity Extension in Drosophila. I. Heat Treatment, Mortality, and Thermotolerance J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1997 52A: B48-B52.
  9. Lithgow, G. J., White, T. M., Melov, S., & Johnson, T. E. (1995). Thermotolerance and extended life-span conferred by single-gene mutations and induced by thermal stress. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 92(16), 7540–7544.
  10. Laukkanen T, Khan H, Zaccardi F, Laukkanen JA. Association Between Sauna Bathing and Fatal Cardiovascular and All-Cause Mortality Events. JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(4):542-548. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.8187.
  11. Genuis, Stephen, Detlef Birkholz, Ilia Rodushkin, and Sanjay Beesoon. “Blood, Urine, and Sweat (BUS) Study: Monitoring and Elimination of Bioaccumulated Toxic Elements.” Environmental Contamination Toxicology 61.2 (n.d.): 344-57. Web.
  12. Sears, M. E., Kerr, K. J., & Bray, R. I. (2012). Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, and Mercury in Sweat: A Systematic Review. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2012, 1-10.
  13. Genuis, S. J., Beesoon, S., Lobo, R. A., & Birkholz, D. (2012). Human Elimination of Phthalate Compounds: Blood, Urine, and Sweat (BUS) Study. The Scientific World Journal, 2012, 1-10.
  14. Genuis, S. J., Beesoon, S., Birkholz, D., & Lobo, R. A. (2012). Human Excretion of Bisphenol A: Blood, Urine, and Sweat (BUS) Study. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2012, 1-10.
  15. Genuis, S. J., Beesoon, S., & Birkholz, D. (2013). Biomonitoring and Elimination of Perfluorinated Compounds and Polychlorinated Biphenyls through Perspiration: Blood, Urine, and Sweat Study. ISRN Toxicology, 2013, 1-7.
  16. Fabry, Monnet, Schmidt, Lusson, Carpentier, Baguet, and Dubray. “Clinical and Microcirculatory Effects of Transcutaneous CO2 Therapy in Intermittent Claudication. Randomized Double-blind Clinical Trial with a Parallel Design.” Vasa 38.3 (2009): 213-24. Hogrefe. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.
  17. Hartmann, B., U. Pohl, D. Wohltmann, J. Holtz, and E. Bassenge. “The Effect of Carbon Dioxide Baths on Blood Pressure of Borderline Hypertensive Patients.” Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine (1989): 526-31. PubMed. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.
  18. Savin, Bailliart, Bonnin, Bedu, Cheynel, Coudert, and Martineaud. “Vasomotor Effects of Transcutaneous CO2 in Stage II Peripheral Occlusive Arterial Disease.” Angiology 46 (1995): 785-91. PubMed. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.
  19. Lee, Georgia. “Carbon Dioxide Therapy in the Treatment of Cellulite: An Audit of Clinical Practice.” Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 34.2 (2010): 239-43. Web.
  20. Mawsouf, Mohamed N., Silvia Menendez, Olga S. Leon, Gregorio M. Sanchez, and Frank Hernandez. “Ozone Therapy: Clinical and Basic Evidence of Its Therapeutic Potential.” Archives of Medical Research 39.1 (2008): 17-26. PubMed. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.
  21. Elvis, A. M., and J. S. Ekta. Ozone Therapy: A Clinical Review. Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine 2.1 (2011): 66–70. PMC. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.
  22. Martínez-Sánchez, et al. G. (2005). Therapeutic efficacy of ozone in patients with diabetic foot. European Journal of Pharmacology, 523(1-3), 151-161. This study shows that type 2 diabetic patients who also have diabetic feet (e.g., diabetic neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease, etc.) show marked improvement (i.e., improved healing of lesions, resulting in fewer amputations) over a control group when treated topically with ozone.
  23. Valacchi, G., Fortino, V., & Bocci, V. (2005). The dual action of ozone on the skin. British Journal of Dermatology, 153(6), 1096-1100. An overview article addressing the deleterious effects of ozone on the skin when exposed for long durations versus the beneficial effects experienced when exposed for brief durations. Further, the authors address the health benefits of ozone therapy when applied topically in a quasi-total body, temperature-controlled cabin.

bioDensity

  1. Huck, C. & Jaquish, J. (2005). Functional bone performance measurements and adaptations using novel self-applied bone- loading exercise apparatus. Osteoporosis International. 26(1),s391-s392,NS12.
  2. Hunte, B., J. Jaquish, and C. Huck (2015). Axial Bone Osteogenic Loading-Type Resistance
    Therapy Showing BMD and Functional Bone Performance Musculoskeletal Adaptation Over 24 Weeks with Postmenopausal Female Subjects. Journal of Osteoporosis & Physical Activity 3.2 (n.d.): 146.
  3. Jaquish, J (2013). Multiple-of-bodyweight axial bone loading using novel exercise intervention with and without bisphosphonate use for osteogenic adaptation. Osteoporosis International . 198; 24(4), s594-s595.
  4. Taaffe, D. R., Robinson, T. L., Snow, C. M., & Marcus, R. (1997). High‐Impact Exercise Promotes Bone Gain in Well‐Trained Female Athletes. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 12(2), 255-260.